unhcr afghan refugees in turkey

The rest of the family sits in the next room, quietly waiting for the now routine ritual of mourning to end. UNHCR: Urban Refugee Women's Network – Turkey: Publisher: UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Publication Date: December 2017: Country: Syrian Arab Republic | Turkey: Topics: Refugees: Related Document(s) UNHCR: Gender Equality Promising Practices Syrian Refugees in the Middle East and North Africa: Cite as The volume, kept wrapped in layers of colourful cloth and bound by a yellow sash, is the only possession the Yacoubi family has managed to hold on to in the 38 years since they left Afghanistan. Turkey is home to almost 3.6 million Syrian refugees and close to 330,000 registered refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities, including Afghans and Pakistanis, according to the UNHCR. Welcome to the ‘Help’ website run by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency. “The fighting was especially bad in Mazar-i-Sharif. The UNHCR estimates that 10,000 Afghans will arrive in Turkey seeking asylum this year. (McGreger, 2019) There are also sizeable Afghan refugee populations in India, and as far away as Malaysia and Australia. UNHCR is monitoring developments in Turkey and in Greece and is offering its support. They rely on the kindness of locals and other Afghans. They threatened to kill him if they saw him again. In light of the … Turkish officials claim that the returns of Afghan immigrants are voluntary. Hamdi Mohseni visits the grave of his daughter Zahra, in a cemetery for the unidentified and those who cannot afford a grave plot, in Van, Turkey [Oscar Durand/Al Jazeera]Back in Van, the Mohseni family now lives surrounded by reminders of their journey. But by the time her asylum application process took off, she was over 18, and no longer part of her parents’ case. Germany hosted the third largest number, almost 1.5 million, with Syrian refugees … “There is no advantage of being near the border, except the smuggling, but that brings its own problems,” says Ulgen. No longer could an Afghan in Europe say they needed asylum because their country was at war. We speak to some of those facing impossible choices. 1) The UNCHR causes our problems to increase by not proceeding our files quickly. 02 March 2020 Afghan refugees in Turkey find themselves unable to work legally, waiting for a call from the United Nations that never seems to come. Greek authorities are shoving refugees into life rafts and abandoning them at sea, according to an AP investigation. Continued European resources, capacity and solidarity are needed to boost Greece’s response. Most are shackled in their seats and guarded by German police officers hired as private security to accompany them on the flights. With Afghanistan still suffering from war and with few prospects of a stable future in Pakistan, Muhammad – who used to work informally at a vegetable market or transporting goods in wheelbarrows – says he decided to try for Europe. It only became worse.”. Originating mainly from the provinces in the eastern border areas, the majority of Afghan refugees in Pakistan are ethnic Pashtun (85 per cent) with smaller numbers from other ethnic groups, including Turkmen, Uzbek, Tajik and Hazara. The centre treats asylum seekers from a host of countries, including Syria, but the constant threat of deportation has taken the heaviest toll on the Afghans. In 2003, Iran began requiring all Afghan refugees to register for a protected status in exchange for restrictions on where they could work, live and attend school, or face deportation. Afghanistan refugees are nationals of Afghanistan who left their country as a result of major wars or persecution. Most other Afghans in the country have not been so lucky. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is appealing for calm and an easing of tensions on Turkey’s borders with the European Union in light of the present increased movements of people there – including refugees and asylum-seekers. Mohseni was holding four-year-old Zahra in his lap, when, somewhere near the town of Bitlis, the minivan flipped off the road. Most have fled the war in Afghanistan. Up to 50 per cent of Afghan refugees … Furthermore, many of the UNHCR quotas for the resettlement of refugees in third countries (such as in Europe), which formerly belonged to Iranians, Afghans and Iraqis, were allocated … Some days, the smugglers demand more money, other days they say they must wait for the Turkish police along the roads to let their guard down. Muhammad has spent his entire life as a refugee, shuttling between his homeland and neighbouring countries in what he says has been a search for a stable life. Only 15,425 refugees … refugees, Afghans constitute the second largest refugee population after Syrians. “I remember Nowruz,” he finally says with a grin, casting a glance at his wife Gulchaman, 65, seated nearby. Some were able to return, for a while, but had their lives upended by a fresh eruption of conflict and violence – either to be displaced elsewhere in the country, or to become refugees yet again Born in Pakistan, his family are ethnic Pashtuns from near the city of Jalalabad, in the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. With an influx of refugees and asylum seekers since 2011, the once-small operation now finds itself serving the largest…   |  Français Schools were hit especially hard, becoming the target of attacks by ISIL. Those who do register with the authorities, like Muhammad, are given “Proof of Registration” cards, and each year Islamabad threatens to revoke those, blaming the Afghans for Taliban attacks in the country. At least 54 migrants died in June when the boat they were in sank as they attempted to avoid checkpoints along the roads in eastern Turkey by crossing Lake Van, near the Iranian border. In 2010, refugees from Afghanistan numbered near 3,500 and made a sizable proportion of Turkey’s … Their goal was to reach the capital, Ankara, where they would register for temporary protection with the UN. There, he says, Iranian border guards robbed them of all they had. For nearly a year, they were moved from city to city in Germany, between makeshift camps in school gymnasiums and hospitals. Turkey is home to almost 3.6 million Syrian refugees and close to 330,000 registered refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities, including Afghans and Pakistanis, according to the … As of October 2017, of the non-Syrian population of protection-seekers in Turkey: about 44% are from Afghanistan, 42% are from Iraq, and 10% are from Iran. Hundreds of Afghans crossed the Turkey-Iran … Officials allege 55 migrants were forced into a river by Iran’s border guards, with some of them beaten and tortured. Staying close to their country is not as possible as it once was for Afghans. German staff were pulled out of the country, and have not returned to this day. This leaves irreparable harm in the lives of refugees. “My daughter’s stomach was torn apart… her stomach was out of her body,” Mohseni says. To drive the point home, German authorities have bought billboards in Kabul and plastered ads in trains in Europe warning Afghans that they will not receive asylum. One evening, 10 days after the accident, as Mohseni was being brought back to prison, he was told Zahra had died. Each day they were allowed two hours out to visit the hospital, where Zahra had slipped into a coma. Instead of calling an ambulance, the driver called other smugglers, who dropped the family off outside a hospital where Zahra was admitted for treatment. Under the administration of the governorships, the Social Assistance and Solidarity … In the Turkish village of Sariciman, at the Iranian border, some 96km (60 miles) northeast of Van, the fresh-faced mayor, Saban Ulgen, says he cannot remember a time when Afghans were not coming down the nearby mountains that mark the frontier. “I grew up with a big question in my mind,” says Kubra Yakoubi in fluent English, “what’s the difference between us, what is a refugee, what is an Afghan girl, what are these things?”. In the 1980s, as the war between the Mujahideen and the Soviet Union erupted around them, they decided to head for Pakistan, already home to a sizeable population of Pashtuns.   |  عربي, A mother and her two children were among the thousands of refugees and migrants who reportedly made their way to the border over the past days. Zakira Hekmat too confirms these arbitrary actions. There are almost 2.5 million registered refugees from Afghanistan. As in all such situations it is important that the authorities refrain from any measures that might increase the suffering of vulnerable people. Dear UNHCR Authorities, Afghans refugees are the third largest irregular refugee group in Turkey. Since 2002, more than 5.8 million Afghan refugees have been repatriated with the assistance of the UNHCR. In 2010, refugees from Afghanistan numbered near 3,500 and made a sizable proportion of Turkey… refugee hosting country after Turkey. Since 2002, more than 5.8 million Afghan refugees have been repatriated with the assistance of the UNHCR. In 2020 alone, nearly 300,000 Afghans have been internally displaced due to conflict, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) said in a statement marking the end of a five-day visit to Afghanistan by the High … Pakistani law grants birthright citizenship, but as a matter of policy, Islamabad has not applied it to Afghans like Muhammad. The Communication with Communities (CwC) team in Turkey was on a mission. Afghan Analysts Network, Mass Deportations of Afghans from Turkey: Thousands of migrants sent back in a deportation drive, 21 June 2018. For the Yakoubi children, three daughters and a son, growing up in Iran brought the realisation that despite being born there, most Iranians were not ready to accept them. “People are in a constant state of fear, they are not living normal lives,” Muhammad says. For moreinformation, see: AIDA, Country Report Turkey, 2018 Update, March 2019. They comprise the largest protracted refugee population in Asia, and the second largest refugee population in the world. In each year, more than half of those returning to Afghanistan were deported by Iran. So Muhammad and his family remained in Pakistan, among the 2.5 million Afghans there, half of whom are not registered with Pakistani authorities and all of whom are made increasingly unwelcome by the country’s laws. “But I felt big differences all the time between us, and every place I went in the streets, Iranian people would bother me, tell me terrible words, like cursing because you are Afghan, because you are lower than us, and I didn’t know why, because I was born there.”. “Even reports from hospitals where someone has been admitted for a suicide attempt may no longer comply with these new regulations,” Soyer says. When she appeared in a documentary about Kabul’s largest prison for women – a rare all-access look at the lives of female prisoners accused of sex crimes – that drew the ire of the Taliban. The last few years, according to the UN, have been the deadliest in Afghanistan for more than a decade, with more than 10,000 civilians killed or injured every year since 2014. According to the United Nations, there some 103,221 Afghans there, of whom 3,472 have been awarded refugee status. The only seat was for the driver, everything else was taken out to make room for the people the smugglers would pack inside, nearly 60 of them, Mohseni says, by the time they set off for what they were told was a half-hour journey. He was told either to pay to hire a horse or to leave his children and wife behind because they would slow the group down. Afghan refugees wait for up to 7 years in inhuman conditions to get response from the UNHCR. But soon after they had submitted all their documents to the embassy, a car bomb exploded there in May 2017, killing 150 people, and prompting Berlin to shut down all diplomatic missions in the country. Her interview took less than one hour. UNHCR supports the development and implementation of the national refugee response strategy. There are around 2.8 million documented and undocumented Afghan refugees living in Pakistan, making it the largest refugee population in the world after the Syrians in Turkey. About 23,780 Afghans were deported in 2019.⁴ AFGHAN … Millions returned home after the Soviets withdrew, only to flee again during the subsequent civil war and rise of the Taliban after 1996.   |  Español I had a family, we hoped that soon enough peace would come back and we could return. Dressed in a dark shalwar kameez, he speaks warily as he shares his story under the watchful gaze of a villager guarding him with a stick. “We don’t come here for fun,” Muhammad says. At the Dogubayazit bus station in Turkey, a man from Afghanistan shows a video of the illegal border crossing between Afghanistan and Iran [Oscar Durand/Al Jazeera]Stuck now in Sariciman, Muhammad is kept along with dozens of other Afghans in a house with cardboard and tin foil covering the windows, one of several safe houses in the village that locals use to hide migrants until they are ready to be moved. They have the right to reside in the country, but lack the right to work or the kind of state assistance needed to avoid working. Persons entering irregularly on the territory of a State should also not be punished if they present themselves without delay to the authorities to seek asylum. Turkey continues to host the largest number of refugees worldwide, as the number of people forcibly displaced across the world due to conflict, violence and persecution hit record levels. “I was so focused on her stomach I did not notice her head injury.”. The UN refugee agency UNHCR warned, in a statement published on Thursday, that the number of refugees resettled in 2020 would be very small compared to previous years. They hiked through the mountains along the border, and in the winter snow, he says nine of the other Afghans travelling with him died. At the mosque in the neighbourhood of Zeytinburnu, just outside the ancient city walls, a local charity has been providing shelter, food and clothes for the Afghans and several Iranians, who have also moved into the basement. A half-hour drive west of the Iranian city of Urmia, Mohseni says, he and hundreds of other Afghans were brought to the foothills of the mountains straddling the Turkish border. The change in policy immediately put more than 11,000 Afghans in Germany on a list for deportation and called into question hundreds of thousands of other pending applications by Afghans in the country. It didn’t happen. Only around half of the refugees are registered, with the rest to live without documents, mostly in northeastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and southwestern Balochistan provinces which border war-infested Afghanistan. Serda keeps the clothes her daughter wore in a plastic bag in a closet. The constant war has meant there is no stable life in places like Jalalabad. Nearly every family here has someone in prison on charges of smuggling, he says. Al Jazeera reported that 12 Afghan refugees fighting COVID-19 in the Turkish city of Kayseri are helping local volunteer groups with funding from the UNHCR. According to the UN, attacks on schools in Afghanistan tripled after 2017, nearly half of them taking place in Nangarhar province. She takes them out, gently pressing Zahra’s pretty, blood-stained, dress to her cheeks. It took two more years for the Naiby family to be reunited in Germany, and a lengthy court battle for Naiby herself to get another chance to make her case for asylum. “Syria, before the war, unless you were politically involved in opposition groups, you had a stable life, and that has not been the case for Afghanistan,” Stoyer says. “I told them we were poor, and we are only going to get medication for my child, but they detained me. The law was eventually enacted but with penalties only for civil servants who help those scheduled for deportation. Additionally4, 170,000 Afghan refugees and asylum seekers reside in Turkey, as a transit country for migratory routes to Europe5. Mailing Address: Enis Behic Koryurek Sokak, No: 15, Aziziye Mahallesi, Cankaya Ankara, 06690 Ankara, Turkey. The government says it is responding to the surge in arrivals of non-Syrian refugees by building seven … At the same time, international support to Turkey, which already hosts millions of refugees, as well as other countries neighbouring Syria, must be sustained and stepped up. Naiby assumed that because the whole family was at risk because of their mother, asylum would be extended to her as well. Naiby’s father and brother in Kabul, meanwhile, applied with the German embassy there to be reunited with her mother in Germany. © REUTERS. Nearly half of Iran’s provinces have barred foreigners from living there altogether, a policy rights advocates say is aimed at keeping Afghans out. © UNHCR/Ivor Prickett Ahead of the summit, the Secretary-General and the High Commissioner met on Sunday with a group of 20 refugees … He worked in construction, on dairy farms, as a stone cutter, in a factory processing beans – the handful of blue-collar jobs Iranian law allows Afghans to work. “The group was a kilometre or two ahead of us, and the guide beat us with a stick to keep pace with them,” he says. Izz ▪Community-based protection: Key ways that UNHCR Iran engages with … All States have a right to control their borders and manage irregular movements, but at the same time should refrain from the use of excessive or disproportionate force and maintain systems for handling asylum requests in an orderly manner. But a host of restrictions still apply even if an Afghan is properly registered. The women take turns cooking food for them while the men scout ahead on the roads to check for police before moving them west, towards Istanbul, and towards Europe. Turkey hosted the highest number of people displaced across borders, 3.9 million, most of whom were Syrian refugees (92%). There are also Afghan refugees in Turkey and in Europe, where they make up the second largest refugee population after the Syrians. Turkey currently hosts the largest population of refugees in the world, including a growing number of Afghan refugees. Guarded by german police officers hired as private security to accompany them on flights... ), the … Turkey currently hosts the largest population of refugees. photographs of her body, he. 2019 ) there are also Afghan refugees worldwide for moreinformation, see: AIDA country! They killed my uncle t come here for fun, ” Muhammad says Behic Koryurek Sokak no. How to pass to not be left alone the ‘ help ’ website run by,! 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